Audit & Assurance

Keeping you abreast with latest developments in auditing and assurance.

International Standards on Auditing

Zambia adopted the use of International Standards on Auditing as the standards to be used by all auditors in the Country.   The Standards are to be applied in the audit of historical financial information. The current International Standards on Auditing can found on the IFAC website.

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Latest Updates

This section allows you to find current developments in Auditing and Assurance .

  • IAASB Continues to Address Assurance Needs of Smaller Entities; Issues Revised Standard on Review Engagements

In support of its commitment to explore standards for services that meet the unique needs of small- and medium-sized entities (SMEs), the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (IAASB) on 27th September 2012 released International Standard on Review Engagements (ISRE) 2400 (Revised), Engagements to Review Historical Financial Statements. ISRE 2400 (Revised) follows the release earlier in 2012 of International Standard on Related Services (ISRS) 4410 (Revised), Compilation Engagements, a standard also addressing services of particular relevance to SMEs.

“An important aspect of the IAASB’s strategic focus in recent years has been our response to the growing demand for assurance services, other than the financial statement audit, that help enhance the credibility of SMEs’ financial statements,” noted Prof. Arnold Schilder, IAASB chairman. “In light of this demand, it is fundamental that there be robust standards to support a diverse range of services for this important stakeholder group. ISRE 2400 (Revised) is an important contribution to this aim.”

Review engagements are of particular relevance for entities that are not required, or do not elect, to have an audit, but wish to enhance the credibility of, and confidence in, their unaudited financial statements among their users through practitioner involvement. The practitioner’s report when a review engagement has been conducted in accordance with ISRE 2400 (Revised) describes whether anything has come to the practitioner’s attention that causes the practitioner to believe the financial statements are not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with the applicable financial reporting framework. A review is a limited assurance engagement, however, and the procedures performed are substantially less than those performed in an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing.

Accordingly, the practitioner’s review engagement report does not express an audit opinion on the financial statements.


“This standard enhances both the value and performance of review engagements. Through strengthened requirements and additional guidance, it helps ensure there is sufficient appropriate evidential support for the practitioner’s conclusion on the financial statements and further promotes high-quality engagements,” explained James Gunn, IAASB technical director.

The revised standard is effective for reviews of financial statements for periods ending on or after December 31, 2013. An At a Glance publication provides an overview of the revised standard.